1. zero INTRODUCTION
Peter Abelard was a distinguished philosopher of the ancient era, he flourished about the twelfth 100 years (1079-1142) and he was described for his logic. He was the creator of nominalism, a theologian, an ethicist and a poet as well; known for his brilliance, innovative and questionable ideas which will attracted many prominent college students to Paris in order to learn from him. During his early life, this individual fell in love while using niece of an official of Notre Deesse Cathedral, and got her pregnant. This act of his got this official frustrated and because of it, he was castrated. He joined the St . Dennis abbey outside of Paris, france and from there he had written many performs, some accepted, and some belittled and condemned. Meanwhile Heloise joined a convent to become a nun until the girl died. Abelard developed an ethical theory on intentionalism(the importance of the intentions plus the will in the agent in performing a great action). It was mainly because during his period, people were judged using the exterior conformity of your act to the law of God, and sin was based on heading against the law regardless of knowledge of correct or incorrect of the individual.
2 . 0HIS VIEW ON VALUES
As a great ethicist he developed a theory of ethical responsibility which has been based on the agent's intentions (intentionalism) this view the agent's goal determines the moral really worth of an actions. Moral goodness is defined as intending to show take pleasure in of The almighty and neighbor and becoming correct for the reason that intention. Abelard lists while the components of behavior (a) mental vice, (b) will or desire, (c) satisfaction, (d) voluntariness, (e) consent and intention, and (f) the action or action itself. All these go in unison; one has a vice, desires that the vice be pleased, voluntarily gives permission with the intention of gratifying this desire, and requires pleasure inside the successful completion of the bad act. For Abelard however , the sole morally significant component on this list is (e) consent and intention. Each of these...
Bibliography: 1 . William Farrenheit. Lawhead, The Voyage of discovery – a traditional introduction to idea, 2nd edition, pg. 159-160.
2 . Peter King, (Abelard's Intentionalist Values. pdf) The Modern Schoolman seventy two (1995), 213–231.
3. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, http://www.iep.utm.edu/Abelard, Peter. htm.